Information For Authors

Manuscript Template

Cover Page Template

Copyright Transfer Agreement

 Book Review Template

 Author Correction Form

Requirements for Formatting Manuscripts and their Content

Authors are advised to read the rules and regulations below and then edit their manuscripts in accordance with the relevant ones before sending it to JTDED. Please click on to reach the manuscript template. 

Check List:

  • Please make sure that the manuscript you send to JTDED has not been sent to any other periodicals for review or publication.
  • The manuscript has been formatted in accordance with the JTDED template.
  • The authors are responsible to conduct a plagiarism check of their manuscripts using one of the major plagiarism software and uploading its report to JTDED System. Any manuscript having a plagiarism rate of over 25 % will be returned to its authors.
  • The authors are required to fill in and sign the copyrights transfer form. Then, scan it and upload it to the JTDED System.
  • The manuscripts to be submitted to JTDED should not exceed 25 pages or 10.000 words.


General Formatting Rules

The font used in the entire manuscript should be Lucida Sans, font size 10. Page margins for the bottom and top should be pre-set as 2,5 cm, and for the right and left should be pre-set as 2,5 cm. The text should be justified with no hyphenation breaks in words at the end of a line. The text should be typed as a single-column document. Paragraphs and headings should not be indented but aligned with the main text. In between the paragraphs, single-line spacing should only be used.

Article titles should be boldfaced and centered in Amasis MT Pro, font size 18. Please use capitals in initial letters only, excluding the conjunction words, articles, and prepositions. The main headings (INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND, METHODS, FINDINGS, AND DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS) should be written in Lucida Sans font size 12, with boldfaced capital letters, and centered. Single line spacing should be given before and after the main headings, but only before the sub-headings.  The subheadings should be written in bold but only the initials in capital letters, excluding conjunction words, articles, and prepositions. The subheadings must be in a standardized form not including any type of hierarchical order. So, the headings in the manuscripts should not be numbered.

The authors must try to avoid using footnotes or endnotes unless their use is essential. Instead, the APA 7 referencing system should be used. If the authors feel that they should use footnotes, they must prefer Lucida Sans, font size 7.

Emphasis should be expressed using quotation marks (“ ”) or italics. Please do not use boldfaced characters in the text.

Lists in the text should be horizontal and not vertical. The list should use Roman numerals [(i), (ii), and so on], not Arabic (1, 2).

Direct quotes should be 1 cm left-indented from the main text and typed in Lucida Sans, font size 9. They should not be written in italics. Please refer to the manuscript template for example.

The main document to be used for peer-review may include the title, abstract, keywords, main body, references, figures and tables, and supplementary materials. The names of all authors and their institutions should not be included in the main document.


The abstract should be written in Lucida Sans fonts and font size 10 with single line spacing, justified to both margins. Abstracts should be between 150 and 250 words. Three to five words, word groups, or expressions representing the manuscript should be given as keywords. Only the initials of the first word of the keywords should be in capital letters. No citations should appear in the abstract. The abstract should include the research purpose, methods, participants, and import and results.

Main Text

Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods studies should contain the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Findings and Interpretation, and Conclusions and Discussion.

The Introduction and Background section may include the conceptual/theoretical framework of the study, the discussion of the relevant literature, and the research purpose including the problem statement or research questions. The discussion of the relevant literature should consistently analyze the relevant literature; emphasize the gaps and inconsistencies in the literature, and discuss actions toward solving these problems. The Introduction and Background section must not include any subheadings.

The Methods section needs to include the research design or the type of the study (cross-sectional, longitudinal, survey, experimental, ethnographic and etc.), the description of the sampling procedure (including the description of the population), or the selection of the study group, data collection instruments and procedures, data analysis, and the issues of validity, reliability, and ethics.

The Findings section should introduce the results of the research in the forms of texts, tables, and figures, and the interpretation of these results. The last section of the main text should draw conclusions from the previous section, compare and contrast them with the relevant literature, and discuss the implications of the research results in consideration with policy, practice, and future research.

Other types of studies can allow slight variations in sections, but they should not contain too many details and sub-sections that could distract readers’ attention and compromise readability.

Tables and Figures

Tables, figures, pictures, graphics, and similar aspects should be embedded in the text, and not provided as appendices. Please locate tables as editable text and not as images however figures might be presented in different forms as images and etc. For tables and figures, please use Lucida Sans, font size 9. While generating tables, ensure that the indentation under the paragraph tab is as follows: before and after: 0, single spacing. Tables and figures should be left-aligned, and the text wrapping feature should be turned off. Table and figure numbers should be typed in Lucida Sans, font size 10 as “Table 1” or “Figure 1” (as bold), but the remaining text in the headings of the tables and figures should be standard as “Table 1. Demographic Characteristics of the Participating Middle School Students”, only the initials in capital letters, excluding conjunction words, articles, and prepositions.

Citations and References

Both in-text citations and references should comply with the APA guidelines as provided in the Publication Manual of American Psychological Association (APA) (7th edition).


APA Manual 7th edition: The most notable changes

  1. The publisher's location is no longer included in the reference.
  • Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.
  1. The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is now shortened right from the first citation. You only include the first author’s name and “et al.”.
  • (Taylor et al., 2018)
  1. Surnames and initials for up to 20 authors (instead of 7) should be provided in the reference list.
  • Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Evans, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Turner, S. T., Lewis, F., Lee, L. H., Cox, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Gray, W. E., Green, G., … Nelson, T. P. (2018).
  1. DOIs are formatted the same as URLs. The label “DOI:” is no longer necessary.
  1. URLs are no longer preceded by “Retrieved from,” unless a retrieval date is needed. The website name is included (unless it’s the same as the author), and web page titles are italicized.
  • Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News.

  1. For ebooks, the format, platform, or device (e.g. Kindle) is no longer included in the reference, and the publisher is included.
  • Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellitesSpringer Nature. https:/

  1. Clear guidelines are provided for including contributors other than authors and editors. For example, when citing a podcast episode, the host of the episode should be included; for a TV series episode, the writer and director of that episode are cited.
  2. Dozens of examples are included for online source types such as podcast episodes, social media posts, and YouTube videos. The use of emojis and hashtags is also explained.
  3. The singular “they” or “their” is endorsed as a gender-neutral pronoun.
  • A researcher’s career depends on how often he or she is cited. (x)
    A researcher’s career depends on how often they are cited. (+)
  1. Instead of using adjectives as nouns to label groups of people, descriptive phrases are preferred.
  • The poor (X)
    People living in poverty (+)

  1. Instead of broad categories, you should use exact age ranges that are more relevant and specific. 
  • People in the age range of 65 to 75 years old

  1. Use double quotation marks instead of italics to refer to linguistic examples.
  • APA endorses the use of the singular pronoun “they”


Streefkerk, R. (2020, February). APA Manual 7th edition: The most notable changes. Scribbr.


Some Examples of Citing and Referencing


Journal Article

Edwards, A. A., Steacy, L. M., Siegelman, N., Rigobon, V. M., Kearns, D. M., Rueckl, J. G., & Compton, D. L. (2022). Unpacking the unique relationship between set for variability and word reading development: Examining word- and child-level predictors of performance. Journal of Educational Psychology114(6), 1242–1256.

Authored Book

Kaufman, K. A., Glass, C. R., & Pineau, T. R. (2018). Mindful sport performance enhancement: Mental training for athletes and coaches. American Psychological Association.

Edited Book Chapter

Zeleke, W. A., Hughes, T. L., & Drozda, N. (2020). Home–school collaboration to promote mind–body health. In C. Maykel & M. A. Bray (Eds.), Promoting mind–body health in schools: Interventions for mental health professionals (pp. 11–26). American Psychological Association.

Conference Session

Davidson, R. J. (2019, August 8–11). Well-being is a skill [Conference session]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States.

Dissertation From a Database

Horvath-Plyman, M. (2018). Social media and the college student journey: An examination of how social media use impacts social capital and affects college choice, access, and transition (Publication No. 10937367). [Doctoral dissertation, New York University]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

 Organizational Reports


First standard citation (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD], 2019), subsequent standard citation (OECD, 2019), in-text citation (if it appears for the first time) Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (2019), subsequent in-text citation OECD (2012), citation for a paraphrasing or a direct quotation (if it appears for the first time) (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD], 2019, p.16),  subsequent citation for a paraphrasing or a direct quotation (OECD, 2019, p. 16).

In reference list:

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2019). PISA 2018 assessment and analytical framework. Paris: OECD Publishing.



Chandler, N. (2020, April 9). What’s the difference between Sasquatch and Bigfoot? howstuffworks.

Webpage on a News Website (Section 10.16)

Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020, March 7). The future of feminism. Vox.

Webpage With a Retrieval Date

Center for Systems Science and Engineering. (2020, May 6). COVID-19 dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Johns Hopkins University & Medicine, Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved May 6, 2020, from

Online Magazine Article

Thomson, J. (2022, September 8). Massive, strange white structures appear on Utah’s Great Salt Lake. Newsweek.

Print Magazine Article 

Nicholl, K. (2020, May). A royal spark. Vanity Fair62(5), 56–65, 100.

Online Newspaper Article

Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals. The New York Times.

Print Newspaper Article

Reynolds, G. (2019, April 9). Different strokes for athletic hearts. The New York Times, D4.

Online Dictionary Entry

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Internet addiction. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved April 24, 2022, from

Report by a Group Author

World Health Organization. (2014). Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition.

Report by Individual Authors

Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019). How playful learning can help leapfrog progress in education. Center for Universal Education at Brookings.

Press Release (Section 10.4)

American Psychological Association. (2020, March 2). APA reaffirms psychologists’ role in combating climate change [Press release].


Preprint Article (Section 10.8)

Latimier, A., Peyre, H., & Ramus, F. (2020). A meta-analytic review of the benefit of spacing out retrieval practice episodes on retention. PsyArXiv.

Data Set (Section 10.9)

O’Donohue, W. (2017). Content analysis of undergraduate psychology textbooks (ICPSR 21600; Version V1) [Data set]. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.

Film or Video (Section 10.12)

Docter, P., & Del Carmen, R. (Directors). (2015). Inside out [Film]. Walt Disney Pictures; Pixar Animation Studios.

TV Series Episode (Section 10.12)

Dippold, K. (Writer), & Trim, M. (Director). (2011, April 14). Fancy party (Season 3, Episode 9) [TV series episode]. In G. Daniels, H. Klein, D. Miner, & M. Schur (Executive Producers), Parks and recreation. Deedle-Dee Productions; Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Media Studios.

Webinar (Section 10.12)

Kamin, H. S., Lee, C. L., & McAdoo, T. L. (2020). Creating references using seventh edition APA Style [Webinar]. American Psychological Association.

YouTube Video (Section 10.12)

Above The Noise. (2017, October 18). Can procrastination be a good thing? [Video]. YouTube.

Song or Track (Section 10.13)

Nirvana. (1991). Smells like teen spirit [Song]. On Nevermind. DGC.

Radio Broadcast (Section 10.13)

Hersher, R. (2020, March 19). Spring starts today all over America, which is weird [Radio broadcast]. NPR. america-which-is-weird

Podcast Episode (Section 10.13)

Santos, L. (Host). (n.d.) Psychopaths and superheroes (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In The happiness lab with Dr. Laurie Santos. Pushkin Industries.

PowerPoint From a Classroom Website (Section 10.14)

Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018). Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations [PowerPoint slides].


Tweet (Section 10.15)

Obama, B. [@BarackObama]. (2020, April 7). It’s World Health Day, and we owe a profound debt of gratitude to all our medical professionals. They’re still giving [Tweet]. Twitter.


Open Educational Resource

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from

Blog Post

Rutledge, P. (2019, March 11). The upside of social media. The Media Psychology Blog.


Each appendix should be displayed on a separate page after the references section.